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Stages in Pregnancy Pregnancy is a very happy and fulfilling experience for any woman. When a woman is pregnant, her body undergoes a num...

Showing posts with label causes and symptoms. Show all posts
Showing posts with label causes and symptoms. Show all posts

Jun 3, 2009

Sunburn & Its Effects

Sunburn is the name of a burn that results from exposure to ultraviolet radiation and results in the inflammation of the skin. Over exposure to sun rays and ultraviolet light are the most prevalent causes of sunburn. Though the problem does not seem to be too severe, in worst cases, it might lead to death and even permanent disability. Possibility of getting skin cancer is also not ruled out. Some of the symptoms of sunburn include pain, heat and redness in the affected area, which also becomes tender to touch. In the following lines, we have listed some of the home remedies for curing sunburn.

Home Remedy For Sunburn

* An effective remedy for treating sunburn would be to apply a cloth dipped in milk on the affected area. This would provide relief from the burn.
* Another effective remedy would be to rub the affected area with mustard oil. Apart from removing the burn, it would also provide relief from the itching.
* Apply sliced cucumber or potato on the sun-burnt area. They would provide a soothing effect to the area.
* Lavender oil is beneficial in treating sunburn. Apply it on the affected area to get relief from the pain and itching.
* Take some sandalwood powder and water. Prepare a paste from the two and apply on the affected area. This is sure to relieve a person from the burning sensation.
* In a bowl, mix tomato juice and buttermilk, in the ratio of 1:6. Apply this on the sun burnt area. Wash it after 30 minutes.
* Mix equal proportions of olive oil and vinegar and apply on the affected area. Wash this after about an hour. This will bring relief from the sunburn.
* Another effective home remedy would be to mix barley flour, honey and raw egg, to make a paste. Apply this paste over the sun-burnt area and wash off after sometime.
* Take some water in a bowl and put lettuce leaves in it. Place it on flame and bring to a boil. Once it has cooled down, strain the liquid and apply it on the affected area, using cotton balls.
* Before bathing, pour a cup of white cider vinegar into the bathtub and enjoy a long bath. This would provide relief from the sunburn.
* Mix wheat flour, milk and olive oil to make a paste. Apply this paste on the affected area. After the paste dries, wash it off.
* Applying Aloe Vera gel on the affected area proves beneficial in treating sunburns.
* In a blender, mix 2 tomatoes and 1 cucumber and make a puree. To this, add a few drops of lemon juice. Apply this paste over the suntanned and sun-burnt skin. Once dry, dab the puree once again. Repeat the process three times. It would help remove the burn and also add a glow to the skin.
* Boil some cabbage leaves and mash them. Apply the mashed cabbage over the tanned and sun-burnt areas. Wash off it after 15 minutes.
* Rubbing green gourd on the affected areas, 3 to 4 times a day, is helpful in removing the sunburn.
* A mixture of honey and lime is effective in treating sunburn. In 2 tbsp of honey, add a few drops of lemon juice. Apply this over the affected area. It would help lighten the tan and ease off the pain as well.
* In 3 tablespoons of milk, add 1 tbsp of turmeric powder. Apply this all over the affected area. Once dry, wet it a little and rub in circular motions, before rinsing it off with cool water.

In moderate stages, the UV rays cause sun tan. However, continued exposure to UV radiation, or a sun-equivalent object, often leads to sunburn on the skin. Sunburn is mostly seen in people who visit the beach or go fishing frequently or work in open areas. Water sports and beach games also lead to sunburns. To know more about the causes of sunburn, along with its symptoms, browse through the following lines.

Causes Of Sunburn :

* Working outdoors
* Outdoor activities, like swimming, skiing and hiking
* Consumption of birth control pills
* Antibacterial agents used in soaps and creams
* Inability of body to make enough melanin

Symptoms Of Sunburn :

* Wrinkles
* Premature aging of skin
* Burn
* Rough and leathery skin
* Skin becomes cancerous
* Reddish and tender skin
* Development of blisters
* Peeling of skin
* Chills and fever
* Nausea
* Vomiting
* Rash
* Flu

Nervousness Solutions

Nervousness is a feeling of restlessness, apprehension and worry that a person goes through when he faces a stressful situation. The most common symptoms of nervousness are palpitations, muscle tension, dry mouth, sweating, lack of concentration, sleeplessness, gasping (a.k.a. hyper ventilation), sick feeing in the stomach and a strong anticipation of something disastrous ahead. The best way to deal with the problem would be to realize the cause of anxiety and take preventive action. At the same time, there are certain home remedies that can work beneficially in removing nervousness. Read on to know more.

Home Remedy For Nervousness

* Inhale the fragrance while peeling an orange. Alternatively, drop an orange in a pot of boiling water and inhale the vapor.
* You can also add 2 tablespoons honey and 1 teaspoon nutmeg in a cup of orange juice and drink the mixture.
* Apply rosemary oil on your forehead. You can also put dried rosemary herb in the boiling-hot water and let it steep for 15 minutes. Drain the decoction and sip it when a bit cool.
* Grate two onions add 2 cups celery to it. Use this mixture in food or salad. It would help to relieve the restlessness.
* Fill the bath tub with lukewarm water. Add 1/3 cup each of baking soda and ginger and enjoy a warm bath.
* Soak 8 to 10 raw almonds in water overnight. Peel them in the morning and add enough water to form a paste. Now, add one tsp nutmeg, with a pinch of ginger in it. Consume this paste at bedtime.
* For people suffering from shaking hands and finger control problem, two cups of tea each day, with one tablespoon of honey in each cup, would prove beneficial.
* The most simple of all remedies would be to place a drop of primrose oil on the tongue.
* Drinking catnip, chamomile, hops, horsetail, marshmallow, peach leaf, peppermint and spearmint tea has been found to be useful in curing nervousness.

There are a number of factors that lead to nervousness. In the following lines, we have provided a list of the causes and symptoms of nervousness.

Causes Of Nervousness :

* Withdrawal from alcohol or drugs
* Excessive use of caffeine and other stimulants
* Hormonal disorders
* Psychiatric conditions, like anxiety disorder, panic attack & manic episodes
* Side effects of certain medicines
* Concerns about a relationship
* Job pressure
* Parenting issue
* Medical conditions, like seizures, strokes, thyroid or hormone imbalances
* Insecurity

Symptoms Of Nervousness

* Confusion
* Dizziness or lightheadedness
* Dry mouth
* Extremely fast heartbeat
* Fatigue
* Fear of losing control
* Feeling of apprehension
* Foreboding or dread
* Gastrointestinal problems
* Insomnia
* Irritation
* Feeling unreal or disconnected with the world
* Insecurity
* Inability to perform daily tasks
* Lack of concentration
* Muscle aches
* Nausea or abdominal pain
* Palpitations
* Pounding heart
* Chest pain
* Sensation of choking
* Shortness of breath
* Stress/ tension
* Sweaty hands
* Trembling
* Upset stomach

May 25, 2009

Viral Fever :

What is viral fever ?

Viral fever refers to a broad spectrum of conditions where viral infections are associated with elevation of body temperature. In medical terms, any fever caused as a result of viral infection is a viral fever. These viral infections may show generalised symptoms, but may target specific organs. The course and duration of the fever does not follow any set pattern and is frequently accompanied by, though not always by all of them, generalised body ache, running nose, cough, shivering, skin rash and irritability. Viral infections may affect any age group, and are seen worldwide. They require only symptomatic treatment. Some are highly contagious. Most of them are not dangerous and are self-limited, but some can progress rapidly leading to death.

What is the cause ?

Most viral infections are spread by the intake of contaminated water or food, or by direct contact. The infection then spreads locally and, thereafter, enters into the blood stream or lymph channels. Some of the viral infections can be transmitted sexually or by direct inoculation into the blood stream. The duration of the primary infection may vary from days to several weeks. Manifestation of the disease is usually a consequence of the virus multiplying at a specific site.

What are the symptoms ?

Once the virus enters the body, there is an incubation period when the virus multiplies to a level high enough to cause infection. This is followed by a phase of fatigue and body and muscle aches that may lead to the onset of fever. The fever may be low grade or high grade. Inflammation of the throat, a running nose, nasal congestion, headache, redness of the eyes, cough, muscle and joint pains and a skin rash could be present. Fatigue and body pain could be disproportionate to the level of fever, and lymph glands in the neck may swell up. The illness is usually self-limited but the fatigue and cough may persist for a few weeks. Sometimes pneumonia, vomiting and diarrhoea, jaundice or arthritis (joint swelling) may complicate the initial viral fever. Some viral fevers are spread by insects, for example, arbovirus, and can cause a bleeding tendency, which results in bleeding from the skin and several other internal organs and can be fatal.

How is it diagnosed ?

The diagnosis and management of viral fevers is based on the clinical presentation rather than on laboratory investigations. The diagnosis is made by the typical history of fever with severe muscle and joint pains. Skin rash and lymph gland swellings have to be specifically looked for. Laboratory investigations are undertaken to rule out other bacterial infections rather than to confirm viral fever. Blood tests will not show any increase in the white blood cells, which typically occurs with bacterial infections. The numbers of lymphocytes may be increased. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) may be elevated. Confirmation of the fever is done by a culture of virus from the relevant specimens such as nasal swabs, and skin rash or by increase in antibody levels in serial blood samples.

What is the treatment and prognosis ?

Treatment of viral fever is purely symptomatic. Medicines are given to lower temperature and relieve body aches. Bed rest and adequate fluid intake is advised. Nasal decongestants may be beneficial. Specific antiviral therapy is not routinely recommended. Steroids are not advised as it may lead to bacterial super-infection. Complications of viral infections like pneumonia need to be addressed specifically. Symptoms of gastroenteritis should be managed with anti-motility agents. Most viral fevers recover completely in a week although fatigue may persist for a few weeks.

How to prevent the fever ?

Viral fevers are difficult to prevent. They occur as epidemics of infection depending on their mode of spread. Vaccines have been tried targeting the respiratory and gastrointestinal viruses with little success due to the presence of several sub-groups of viruses, all of which cannot be covered with a single vaccine. Fortunately, since most infections are mild and self-limited, one can be assured of a full recovery.