Top 10 health Issues

Here are top searched ailments searched online.


ADHD stands for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. Individuals with ADHD typically have difficulty paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors, and may be overly active.

Some common symptoms of ADHD include:

Inattention: Difficulty focusing on tasks, becoming easily distracted, making careless mistakes, having trouble organizing tasks, and often forgetting things.

Hyperactivity: Restlessness, constantly fidgeting or squirming, difficulty staying seated, talking excessively, and feeling a constant need to be active.

Impulsivity: Acting without thinking, interrupting others, difficulty waiting for their turn, and making impulsive decisions without considering the consequences.

ADHD can have a significant impact on various aspects of life, including academic performance, work productivity, and social relationships. It is important to note that ADHD is a clinical diagnosis that should be made by a qualified healthcare professional based on a comprehensive evaluation of symptoms, medical history, and behavioral observations.

Treatment for ADHD often involves a combination of behavioral interventions, such as psychoeducation, counseling, and behavioral therapy, as well as medication, such as stimulant or non-stimulant medications, which can help manage symptoms. It is important for individuals with ADHD to work closely with healthcare professionals to develop an individualized treatment plan.


Allergies are a common immune system response to substances that are typically harmless to most people. When an individual with allergies comes into contact with an allergen, their immune system reacts by producing specific antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These antibodies trigger the release of chemicals, such as histamine, in the body, leading to allergy symptoms.

Common allergens include:

Pollen: Pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds can cause seasonal allergies (hay fever) with symptoms like sneezing, itching, runny nose, and watery eyes.

Dust mites: Tiny mites found in house dust can trigger allergic reactions, especially in people with sensitivities. Symptoms include sneezing, itching, stuffy or runny nose, and asthma symptoms.

Pet dander: Allergies to pet dander, which are microscopic skin flakes, are common. Symptoms can include sneezing, itching, congestion, and difficulty breathing.

Mold: Mold spores present in damp areas, such as bathrooms or basements, can cause allergic reactions. Symptoms may include sneezing, coughing, itchy eyes, and respiratory issues.

Food allergies: Certain foods, such as peanuts, tree nuts, eggs, milk, fish, shellfish, wheat, and soy, can trigger allergic reactions ranging from mild symptoms to severe reactions known as anaphylaxis.

Treatment for allergies may involve avoiding the allergen, taking over-the-counter antihistamines or nasal sprays to manage symptoms, or seeking medical advice for prescription medications, such as corticosteroids or immunotherapy (allergy shots) for long-term management.

If you suspect you have allergies or are experiencing symptoms, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional, such as an allergist or immunologist, who can evaluate your symptoms, perform allergy testing if necessary, and recommend appropriate treatment options.


Anxiety is a normal and common emotion that people experience in response to stress or perceived threats. It is often characterized by feelings of worry, fear, apprehension, or unease. However, when anxiety becomes excessive, persistent, and starts to interfere with daily life, it may be considered an anxiety disorder.

Common symptoms of anxiety can include:

Excessive worry: Feeling constantly worried or fearful about various aspects of life, such as work, relationships, health, or future events.

Restlessness: Feeling on edge, agitated, or having a sense of impending doom.

Difficulty concentrating: Finding it hard to focus or feeling easily distracted.

Sleep disturbances: Having trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing restless, unsatisfying sleep.

Physical symptoms: Anxiety can manifest physically, with symptoms such as increased heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating, trembling, gastrointestinal issues, and muscle tension.

Panic attacks: Sudden episodes of intense fear or discomfort, accompanied by physical symptoms such as heart palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, or a feeling of losing control.

It's important to note that anxiety disorders can vary in their specific types and severity, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and others.

If you believe you are experiencing symptoms of anxiety that are significantly impacting your daily life, it is recommended to seek help from a mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. They can provide a proper diagnosis, determine the most suitable treatment options, and may suggest therapy, medication, or a combination of both. Additionally, self-care practices like stress management, regular exercise, adequate sleep, and engaging in activities you enjoy can help alleviate symptoms of anxiety.

Blood pressure

 Blood pressure refers to the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels. It is an essential physiological measurement as it indicates the pressure within the arteries during both the contraction (systolic) and relaxation (diastolic) phases of the heart's pumping cycle.

Blood pressure readings are typically expressed as two numbers, such as 120/80 mmHg, where the first number represents the systolic pressure (pressure during heart contraction) and the second number represents the diastolic pressure (pressure during heart relaxation). Normal blood pressure is generally considered to be around 120/80 mmHg.

Here are general categories for blood pressure levels:

Normal: Blood pressure below 120/80 mmHg is considered within the normal range.

Elevated: Blood pressure between 120-129 (systolic) and less than 80 (diastolic) mmHg is categorized as elevated blood pressure.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure):

Stage 1: Blood pressure ranging from 130-139 (systolic) or 80-89 (diastolic) mmHg.

Stage 2: Blood pressure equal to or higher than 140 (systolic) or 90 (diastolic) mmHg.

Persistent high blood pressure can lead to various health complications, including heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, and other cardiovascular conditions. It is important to monitor and manage blood pressure to maintain optimal health.

If you have concerns about your blood pressure, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional. They can provide accurate readings, evaluate your overall health, and recommend appropriate lifestyle modifications, medications, or other interventions to manage and control your blood pressure effectively

Calorie consumption

Calorie consumption refers to the number of calories a person consumes through food and beverages. Calories are units of energy that our bodies need to function and perform daily activities.

The total number of calories a person should consume in a day depends on various factors, including age, gender, body size, activity level, and overall health goals. It is important to strike a balance between calorie intake and expenditure to maintain a healthy weight.

Here are some general guidelines for calorie consumption:

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR): This is the number of calories your body needs to carry out basic functions at rest, such as breathing, circulation, and cell production. BMR varies depending on factors like age, gender, and body composition.

Physical Activity: The calories burned through physical activity can significantly impact daily calorie needs. More active individuals generally require more calories to fuel their activities.

Weight Goals: If you want to maintain your weight, your calorie intake should match your expenditure. To lose weight, you would typically aim for a calorie deficit, where you consume fewer calories than you burn. To gain weight, you would aim for a calorie surplus.

It's important to note that individual calorie needs can vary significantly. Consulting with a healthcare professional, nutritionist, or dietitian can provide personalized guidance based on your specific needs and goals.

To monitor and manage your calorie consumption, you can keep track of the calories in the foods you eat by referring to nutritional labels, using mobile apps or online databases, and practicing portion control. It's also essential to focus on the overall quality of your diet by incorporating nutrient-dense foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.

Remember that achieving a healthy lifestyle involves more than just calorie counting. It's also important to consider other factors such as macronutrient balance, micronutrient intake, hydration, and overall dietary patterns.


A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that occurs when the brain experiences a sudden impact or jolt, causing temporary dysfunction. Concussions are commonly caused by falls, sports-related injuries, motor vehicle accidents, or any other event that involves a blow to the head or body.

Symptoms of a concussion can vary and may not always be immediately apparent. Common signs and symptoms include:

Headache or pressure in the head

Confusion or feeling dazed

Memory problems or amnesia surrounding the event

Dizziness or balance problems

Nausea or vomiting

Fatigue or feeling groggy

Sensitivity to light or noise

Changes in sleep patterns

Irritability or mood swings

Difficulty concentrating or remembering information

Blurred vision or ringing in the ears

It's important to seek medical attention if you suspect a concussion. A healthcare professional can assess your symptoms, perform a physical examination, and may recommend imaging tests, such as a CT scan or MRI, to rule out other possible injuries.

The primary treatment for a concussion is rest and allowing the brain time to heal. This typically involves both physical and cognitive rest, which may include avoiding physical activities, limiting screen time, and refraining from activities that may exacerbate symptoms.

Recovery times for concussions can vary from person to person. Most individuals recover fully within a few days to weeks, but for some, symptoms may persist for a longer duration. It is important to follow medical advice, gradually return to normal activities, and avoid activities that could risk re-injury or delay recovery.

If you or someone you know has experienced a concussion, it is crucial to monitor symptoms closely, seek medical attention, and follow the recommended recovery protocols to promote a safe and successful recovery.


Depression is a mental health disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest or pleasure in activities. It affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves and can have a significant impact on daily functioning and overall well-being.

Some common symptoms of depression include:

Persistent sadness, emptiness, or a feeling of despair

Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed

Changes in appetite, leading to weight loss or weight gain

Sleep disturbances, such as insomnia or excessive sleeping

Fatigue or loss of energy

Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt

Difficulty concentrating, making decisions, or remembering things

Restlessness or slowed movements and speech

Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts

It's important to note that the severity, duration, and combination of symptoms can vary from person to person. If you believe you may be experiencing symptoms of depression, it is essential to seek help from a mental health professional for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Treatment for depression often involves a combination of therapy, medication, and support. Psychotherapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or interpersonal therapy (IPT), can help individuals develop coping strategies, challenge negative thoughts, and improve overall well-being. In some cases, antidepressant medications may be prescribed to help alleviate symptoms. Additionally, support from loved ones, self-care practices, and lifestyle modifications, such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and sufficient sleep, can also play a role in managing depression.

If you or someone you know is struggling with depression, it is crucial to reach out to a healthcare professional or a mental health helpline in your country to seek guidance and support. Remember, you don't have to face depression alone, and help is available.


Diabetes is a chronic health condition that occurs when the body either cannot produce enough insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar (glucose) levels and allows cells to utilize glucose for energy.

There are different types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes: In type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. As a result, the body is unable to produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in childhood or early adulthood and requires lifelong insulin therapy.

Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or does not produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes is often associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and poor dietary habits. It can be managed with a combination of lifestyle changes, oral medications, and, in some cases, insulin therapy.

Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy and usually resolves after childbirth. It occurs when hormonal changes during pregnancy affect insulin action. Women with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Symptoms of diabetes may include:

Frequent urination

Excessive thirst

Unexplained weight loss

Increased hunger

Fatigue or weakness

Blurred vision

Slow-healing wounds

Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet

It's important to note that some individuals with type 2 diabetes may not experience noticeable symptoms, or the symptoms may develop gradually, leading to a delayed diagnosis.

Managing diabetes involves adopting a healthy lifestyle, which includes:

Monitoring blood sugar levels regularly

Following a balanced diet with controlled carbohydrate intake

Engaging in regular physical activity

Taking prescribed medications (such as insulin or oral medications) as directed by a healthcare professional

Regularly visiting healthcare professionals for check-ups and monitoring of diabetes-related complications

If you suspect you have diabetes or have concerns about your blood sugar levels, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional. They can perform diagnostic tests, provide an accurate diagnosis, and develop an individualized treatment plan to help you manage your diabetes effectively.


The flu, also known as influenza, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can affect people of all ages and is typically more prevalent during the winter months. The flu can range from mild to severe and can lead to serious complications, especially in high-risk individuals such as young children, older adults, pregnant women, and individuals with weakened immune systems.

Common symptoms of the flu include:

Fever (often high-grade)


Sore throat

Runny or stuffy nose

Muscle or body aches




Some people may experience vomiting or diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults

Flu symptoms can appear suddenly and typically last about one to two weeks, although fatigue and a cough may persist for longer.

Prevention is an essential aspect of managing the flu. The following measures can help reduce the risk of getting or spreading the flu:

Annual flu vaccination: Vaccination is recommended each year to protect against the prevalent strains of the flu virus.

Good hygiene practices: Wash hands frequently with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow when coughing or sneezing, and avoid touching your face.

Avoid close contact: Limit close contact with individuals who are sick, and if you are sick, stay home to prevent spreading the virus.

Cleaning and disinfection: Clean and disinfect frequently-touched surfaces and objects, such as doorknobs, keyboards, and phones, to reduce the transmission of the virus.

If you develop symptoms of the flu, it is important to take care of yourself and seek medical attention if needed. Rest, stay hydrated, and manage symptoms with over-the-counter medications, such as pain relievers or decongestants, as recommended by a healthcare professional.

In some cases, antiviral medications may be prescribed by a healthcare professional to help reduce the severity and duration of flu symptoms, especially in individuals at higher risk for complications.

It's worth noting that the information provided here is a general overview, and it's always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional or trusted medical source for personalized advice and recommendations regarding your specific situation.

Heart attacks

A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction (MI), occurs when blood flow to a section of the heart muscle becomes blocked, typically due to a blood clot. This blockage deprives the heart muscle of oxygen-rich blood, leading to damage or death of the affected heart muscle tissue.

The most common cause of a heart attack is the buildup of fatty deposits, called plaque, in the coronary arteries (the blood vessels that supply the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients). When the plaque ruptures, a blood clot can form, blocking the artery and causing a heart attack.

Symptoms of a heart attack can vary but often include:

Chest pain or discomfort: This can feel like pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain in the center of the chest. The sensation may last for a few minutes or come and go.

Upper body pain: Pain or discomfort may extend beyond the chest to the shoulders, arms (usually the left arm but can affect both), back, neck, jaw, or stomach.

Shortness of breath: Difficulty breathing or feeling out of breath, often accompanying chest discomfort.

Sweating: Profuse sweating, often described as "breaking out in a cold sweat."

Nausea and vomiting: Some individuals may experience a feeling of nausea or may vomit during a heart attack.

Light-headedness or dizziness: Feeling lightheaded, dizzy, or faint can be a symptom of a heart attack.

Fatigue: Unusual and extreme tiredness, often occurring alongside other symptoms.

It is important to note that symptoms can vary among individuals, and some people may experience atypical or less pronounced symptoms, particularly women, older adults, and individuals with diabetes.

If you or someone around you experiences symptoms that could indicate a heart attack, it is crucial to seek emergency medical assistance immediately by calling emergency services or going to the nearest emergency room.

Prompt medical intervention can help minimize damage to the heart muscle and increase the chances of survival. Treatment for a heart attack may include medications to dissolve blood clots or relieve pain, procedures to restore blood flow to the heart, such as angioplasty with stent placement or coronary artery bypass surgery, and cardiac rehabilitation to aid in recovery and reduce the risk of future heart problems.

It's important to prioritize heart health by adopting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, managing weight, not smoking, and controlling underlying health conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Regular check-ups with a healthcare professional can help monitor and manage risk factors for heart disease and detect any warning signs or symptoms.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are hard deposits that form in the kidneys. They are typically made up of minerals and salts that crystallize and stick together over time. Kidney stones can vary in size and shape, and they can cause significant pain and discomfort as they pass through the urinary tract.

Common symptoms of kidney stones include:

Severe pain: This pain is often described as sharp or cramping and typically occurs in the back or side below the ribs. The intensity of pain can fluctuate and may radiate to the lower abdomen and groin.

Hematuria: Blood in the urine is a common symptom of kidney stones. The urine may appear pink, red, or brown.

Changes in urine: Kidney stones can affect the urine's color, clarity, and odor. The urine may be cloudy or have a strong smell.

Frequent urination: Increased urgency and frequency of urination may occur. Some individuals may experience a persistent need to urinate despite passing small amounts of urine.

Painful urination: Discomfort or a burning sensation during urination may be present.

Nausea and vomiting: Kidney stones can cause feelings of nausea and may lead to vomiting in some cases.

If you suspect you have kidney stones or experience severe and persistent symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention. A healthcare professional can diagnose kidney stones through various tests, including imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, or ultrasounds. They will assess the size, location, and number of kidney stones to determine the most appropriate treatment approach.

Treatment options for kidney stones depend on factors such as the size, location, and severity of symptoms. Some common approaches include:

Drinking plenty of fluids: Increasing fluid intake helps flush out the stones and can prevent future stone formation.

Pain management: Over-the-counter pain medications or prescription medications may be prescribed to help manage pain during the passage of kidney stones.

Medical therapy: Certain medications can be used to help facilitate the passage of small kidney stones or to prevent the formation of new stones.

Procedures or surgery: For larger stones or stones that do not pass naturally, medical interventions such as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy, or surgical removal may be necessary.

Prevention strategies for kidney stones may include dietary modifications, such as increasing fluid intake, reducing sodium and animal protein consumption, and avoiding excessive intake of oxalate-rich foods (e.g., spinach, rhubarb, chocolate). A healthcare professional can provide guidance on dietary changes and recommend appropriate preventive measures based on individual risk factors.

It's important to follow the advice of healthcare professionals and take steps to manage and prevent kidney stones to reduce the likelihood of future episodes.


RSV stands for Respiratory Syncytial Virus, which is a common respiratory virus that primarily affects young children. RSV can also affect older adults and individuals with weakened immune systems. It is a major cause of respiratory infections, especially during the colder months.

RSV is highly contagious and spreads through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus can survive on surfaces for several hours, making it easy to contract by touching contaminated objects and then touching the face.

Symptoms of RSV can vary from mild to severe and typically appear within 4 to 6 days after exposure. Common signs and symptoms include:

Runny or stuffy nose



Mild sore throat

Mild headache

Low-grade fever

Mild earache

Wheezing or difficulty breathing, especially in infants and young children

In most cases, RSV causes mild cold-like symptoms that resolve on their own within a week or two. However, in some individuals, particularly infants and older adults, RSV can lead to more severe respiratory infections such as bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small airways in the lungs) or pneumonia.

There is no specific treatment for RSV, and antibiotics are not effective against viral infections. Management focuses on relieving symptoms and providing supportive care, which may include:

Ensuring adequate rest and hydration

Using saline nasal drops or sprays to alleviate nasal congestion

Using a cool-mist humidifier to moisten the air and ease breathing

Providing over-the-counter pain relievers (under medical guidance) to reduce fever and alleviate discomfort

Monitoring respiratory symptoms and seeking medical attention if breathing difficulties worsen or persist

Prevention is crucial in reducing the spread of RSV, especially for vulnerable populations. Some preventive measures include:

Frequent handwashing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially before touching the face, eating, or caring for young children.

Avoiding close contact with individuals who have respiratory infections, especially infants and young children.

Covering the nose and mouth with a tissue or elbow when coughing or sneezing.

Cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched surfaces regularly.

Ensuring that infants and high-risk individuals, such as premature babies, receive RSV-specific preventive treatments as prescribed by a healthcare professional.

If you suspect you or your child has RSV or have concerns about respiratory symptoms, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis, appropriate management, and guidance on preventive measures.


A UTI, or urinary tract infection, is an infection that affects any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder, ureters, or urethra. UTIs are more common in women than men, and they can range from mild to severe.

The most common type of UTI is a lower urinary tract infection, which primarily affects the bladder and urethra. Symptoms of a lower UTI may include:

Frequent urge to urinate

Pain or burning sensation during urination (dysuria)

Cloudy or strong-smelling urine

Blood in the urine (hematuria)

Pelvic pain or discomfort

Feeling the need to urinate even when the bladder is empty

Mild fever or general fatigue (in some cases)

If the infection spreads to the kidneys, it can lead to a more serious condition known as an upper urinary tract infection or kidney infection. Symptoms of a kidney infection may include:

High fever (often with shaking chills)

Pain in the lower back or side, typically on one side

Flank pain (pain below the ribcage)

Nausea and vomiting

General discomfort or malaise

Blood in the urine

If you suspect you have a UTI, it is important to seek medical attention. A healthcare professional will typically conduct a physical examination, review your symptoms, and may request a urine sample for analysis. Based on the findings, they can provide a diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment.

Treatment for UTIs usually involves a course of antibiotics to eliminate the bacteria causing the infection. The specific antibiotic prescribed will depend on the type of UTI and the bacteria involved. It's important to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed, even if symptoms improve, to ensure the infection is completely cleared.

In addition to antibiotics, you can take some self-care measures to alleviate symptoms and help prevent UTIs, such as:

Drinking plenty of water to flush out bacteria

Avoiding irritating substances, such as strong soaps or feminine hygiene sprays

Urinating before and after sexual intercourse

Wiping from front to back after using the toilet to prevent bacteria from the anal area spreading to the urethra

Avoiding holding urine for prolonged periods and emptying the bladder completely when urinating

Practicing good personal hygiene, including regular bathing and wearing breathable underwear

If you experience recurrent UTIs or have any concerns, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional. They can evaluate your specific situation and provide appropriate guidance and preventive measures.

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